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Counselors should learn how force, fraud and coercion influence the wellness of trafficked persons.
The following article provides an overview of the relevant information pertinent to sex trafficking and addresses the counseling implications for working with sex trafficked survivors.
Instead, the current body of research has focused on the sexual consequences of trafficking-related health issues such as sexually transmitted infections and rates of HIV among trafficked women in Asia (Beyrer, 2001; Beyrer & Stachowiak, 2003; Silverman et al., 2006; Silverman et al., 2007).
The following article provides a brief overview of the definition, terms and processes associated with human trafficking.
It is important to note that not all trafficked persons experience physical suffering (Aradau, 2004; Belser, 2005).
Fraud , or the use of false promises to lure persons into the human trafficking industry, is another method used by traffickers to control and exploit their victims (United States Department of Health and Human Services, 2012).
Litam The social justice issue of human sex trafficking is a global form of oppression that places men, women and children at risk for sexual exploitation.
Although a body of research exists on the topics of human trafficking, literature specific to the mental health implications for counselors working with this population is limited.
The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (2014) reported that 1 in 5 runaways are at risk for forced sexual exploitation.According to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (U. Department of State, 2000), the act of human trafficking refers to the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for commercial sex through force, fraud or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform a sex act is under 18 years of age. Sex trafficking includes a wide variety of traditionally accepted forms of labor, including commercial sex, exotic dancing and pornography (Logan, Walker, & Hunt, 2009).Despite common misconceptions, for an act to be considered sex trafficking, forced movement across the state is not required (U. The following sections address the three components of control associated with human trafficking, namely pertains to the physical restraint or serious physical harm that traffickers use to obtain and maintain control.For example, traffickers may initially use physical or sexual violence and increase the severity (e.g., burning or torturing victims) when disobeyed.Additionally, Whitaker and Hinterlong discovered the presence of gendered patterns of control or the concept that different strategies are used when eliciting compliance from men and women (e.g., use of threats to community members and drug addiction in men, and threats to family relationships and references about the world being dangerous in women).